Sailing outrigger canoes, known as sailau in Paupua New Guinea, are still vital for trade, fishing and transportation between islands in Milne bay Province, PNG. The canoes are built locally out of mastwood trees (Calophyllum inophyllum) by expert boatbuilders, then traded. Mastwood (also known as Alexandrian laurel, Indian laurel and beach touringa) is found in coastal regions throughout Australasia and the Indo-Pacific. As the name suggests it is often used in the construction of boat spars and hulls.
Unlike most sailing vessels (but shared with other Proa outriggers throughout the Pacific) sailau do not tack. Instead they swap ends, the bow becoming the stern (shunting) thus keeping the outrigger permanently to windward.
Sails are made out of whatever is available: tired old dacron sails traded with passing yachts, patches of plastic sheeting, old tarpaulins, often creating patchwork quilt effect. Sailau, use lug sails (four-cornered sails with the top spar attached across the mast). These sailau have what is known as a balanced lug. These rigs are extremely efficient and have the advantage that they require little standing rigging to support them. They also have the advantage that the shape and tension of the sail is far less important than on a bermudan rig, an important consideration considering the patchwork repairs.
I’ve recently been going through my images from Papua New Guinea to create a small collection of some of my favourites, and make these available as acrylic facemount prints. I’ve also been thinking about how I can use this to give something back to the people of PNG, who have unfailingly been so warm and generous. I’ve decided the best way is to donate part (20%) of the profits of any sales to a charity supporting education, health and environmental issues Papua New Guinea. The charity I’ve chosen is Wantok Support. They are a small, UK based charity working to support the people of PNG. You can read more about them on their website. If you’d like to check out my acrylic prints of Papua New Guinea, you can see them on my website here: www.colinmunrophotography.com/store/. I produce these prints in the UK, with shipping rates to Europe, The US and Canada. You can always contact me if you’d like them delivered elsewhere.
Smaalders, M., and Kinch, J., 2003. Canoes, subsistence, and conservation in Papua New Guinea’s Louisaide Archipelago. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin. 15. July 2003.